INDUSTRIAL FLOORS MADE OF CERAMIC
Industrial floors are particularly exposed to great loads, intensive pedestrian traffic or operation of chemicals. In this case, ceramic floors have wonderful properties and allow for individual floor shaping. However, proper selection of the materials and the manner of lying of ceramic tiles is important.
CERAMIC TILES FOR INDUSTRIAL FLOORS
Industrial ceramic floors are distinguished by lifted technical parameters, in particular mechanical parameters, resistance to stains and slipping. Industrial floors made of ceramic tiles should be characterised by structural and non-slip surface (standard ZH1/571-DIN51130). The used ceramic tiles must also demonstrate great resistance to abrasion and impact of chemical factors while their surface should be easy to be kept in cleanliness.
For industrial facilities, in which floors are particularly exposed to dirtiness and great traffic load, gres-type non-glazed ceramic tiles are recommended. The tiles of this type are homogeneous in the entire composition, so hardly any signs of abrasion are visible on the tiles. Non-glazed ceramic tiles are hard, absorb water to small extent, are resistant to bending, abrasion and hits.
DESIGN THE FLOOR WITH US
Proper designing and laying of the floor allows for avoidance of the negative effects of mechanical, chemical and thermal impacts, ensuring durability for long years.
The vibration technology allows for full use of a number of high-performance ceramic materials according to their parameters. The top manufacturers of ceramic tiles recommend this method as the only one using the technical properties of the tiles fully.
Upon laying of the ceramic tiles according to the vibration method, the final level of the floor should be taken into account. Due to the required minimum concrete thickness 40 -50 mm and the thickness of the tile (12-20 mm), the construction height of 60-70 mm should be assumed. Upon vibration laying on less stable substructure, additionally the so-called slipping layer is used, e.g. 2 x film and reinforcement of screed under floating net, e.g. 150x150x3 mm.
CERAMIC INDUSTRIAL FLOOR – VIBRATION METHOD
Simultaneous fixing of the screed and the ceramic material with the grout creates strong and homogeneous tie between the substructure and the tiles. The ceramic tile is joined with the undercoat on the entire surface. Thanks to it, floor of exceptional resistance is obtained.
The ceramic tiles are laid very tightly, thanks to which share of grouts in the floor is much smaller than in case of traditional laying. The edges of the tiles are thus protected against damage in an optimum way.
Surface vibration of tiles is a significant element of the vibration technology. As a final effect, a homogeneous and flat surface with high load capacity is created.
SHORT SERVICE PERFORMANCE TIME
Thanks to optimisation of the technological cycle, we obtain considerable effectiveness of the laying (up to 200 m2 of complete floor a day – by means of one team).
Vibropressing is successful wherever it is necessary to minimise the downtime (e.g. renovations) and to shorten the cycle of construction of new facilities.
The one-day cycle includes:
Application of concrete screed
Laying of ceramic tiles
Installation of dilatation strips
Surface vibration of ceramic tiles
After laying of the tiles and vibration of the floor, the next activity is grouting. For industrial floors, cement, flexible, resistant to dirtiness grouts or epoxy grouts are recommended.
The floor laid according to the vibration method achieves 90 % of its final resistance already after 10 days from its laying. Full loading of the floor is acceptable after 28 days.